What is Name Error Value Error in Python?

n Python, a NameError and a ValueError are both types of exceptions that can occur during the execution of a program.

  • NameError: A NameError is raised when you try to access a variable or use a name that is not defined in the current scope. It typically occurs when the interpreter cannot find the name you are referring to. This can happen if you mistype a variable name, use a variable before it is defined, or if the variable is defined in a different scope.

Example of a NameError:

print(x)  # 'x' is not definedCode language: Python (python)
  • ValueError: A ValueError is raised when a function receives an argument of the correct type but an inappropriate value. It typically occurs when you pass an argument to a function that the function doesn’t expect or handle properly. For example, if you provide a string to a function that expects an integer, a ValueError may be raised.

Example of a ValueError:

int("abc")  # Cannot convert "abc" to an integerCode language: Python (python)

In this example, the int() function expects a string that represents a valid integer. However, since “abc” is not a valid integer, a ValueError is raised.

Both NameError and ValueError are common exceptions in Python, and they can be caught and handled using try-except blocks to gracefully handle errors in your code.

What is name error in Python using try except?

In Python, you can catch and handle a NameError using a try-except block. The try-except block allows you to handle exceptions gracefully by providing alternative code to execute when an exception occurs.

Here’s an example of how to catch and handle a NameError using try-except:

    print(x)  # Trying to access an undefined variable 'x'
except NameError:
    print("Variable 'x' is not defined.")Code language: Python (python)

In this example, the code inside the try block attempts to print the value of the variable x. However, if x is not defined, a NameError will be raised. To handle this error, we use the except block with the NameError as the exception type.

If a NameError occurs, the code inside the except block will be executed, which in this case prints a custom error message indicating that the variable 'x' is not defined.

By using try-except blocks, you can catch specific exceptions, like NameError, and provide appropriate actions or error messages to handle exceptional situations in your code.

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  • Dmytro Iliushko

    I am a middle python software engineer with a bachelor's degree in Software Engineering from Kharkiv National Aerospace University. My expertise lies in Python, Django, Flask, Docker, REST API, Odoo development, relational databases, and web development. I am passionate about creating efficient and scalable software solutions that drive innovation in the industry.

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