7 Best Python cProfile Alternative

If you’re looking for alternatives to Python’s built-in cProfile module for profiling and measuring the performance of your Python code, there are several third-party libraries and tools available that offer different features and capabilities. Here are a few popular alternatives:

  1. line_profiler: This is an external profiler that allows you to profile individual lines of code. It’s great for identifying bottlenecks at a finer granularity than what cProfile provides.GitHub Repository: https://github.com/pyutils/line_profiler
# Install line_profiler using pip: pip install line_profiler

# Example code to profile
def my_function():
    for _ in range(1000000):

if __name__ == "__main__":
    my_function()Code language: Python (python)

To profile the code using line_profiler, you can run it with the kernprof script provided by line_profiler and then use python -m line_profiler to view the results.

# Profile the code
kernprof -l script_to_profile.py

# View the profiling results
python -m line_profiler script_to_profile.py.lprofCode language: Python (python)
  1. Pyflame: Pyflame is a statistical profiler for Python applications. It’s designed to be low-overhead and can help you find performance bottlenecks in your code.GitHub Repository: https://github.com/uber/pyflame

Pyflame is a command-line tool, and it requires the target Python process ID to profile. First, install Pyflame using your system’s package manager or compile it from source. Then, use it like this:

# Install Pyflame (Example for Linux)
sudo apt-get install pyflame

# Profile a Python process (replace PID with the process ID of the Python process)
pyflame -p PIDCode language: Python (python)
  1. Py-Spy: Py-Spy is a sampling profiler for Python applications. It can be used to profile running Python processes and can be very useful for diagnosing performance issues in production systems.GitHub Repository: https://github.com/benfred/py-spy
# Install Py-Spy (Example for Linux)
pip install py-spy

# Profile a Python process (replace PID with the process ID of the Python process)
py-spy top -- python -m myscript.pyCode language: Python (python)
  1. SnakeViz: SnakeViz is a browser-based graphical viewer for cProfile results. It helps you visualize and analyze the profiling data generated by cProfile in a more interactive way.GitHub Repository: https://github.com/jiffyclub/snakeviz
# Install SnakeViz
pip install snakeviz

# Profile your script using cProfile and save the results to a file
python -m cProfile -o profile_results.cprof script_to_profile.py

# Visualize the profiling results using SnakeViz
snakeviz profile_results.cprof
Code language: Python (python)
  1. Pyflame: Pyflame is a statistical profiler for Python applications. It’s particularly useful for profiling Python programs running in production.GitHub Repository: https://github.com/uber/pyflame
  2. Scalene: Scalene is a high-performance, high-precision CPU, memory, and energy profiler for Python. It can be used to profile code with minimal overhead.GitHub Repository: https://github.com/plasma-umass/scalene
# Install Scalene
pip install scalene

# Profile a Python script using Scalene
scalene script_to_profile.py
Code language: Python (python)
  1. Tuna: Tuna is a command-line utility for tuning Linux system parameters to improve Python application performance. While it’s not a profiler in the traditional sense, it can help optimize your system for better Python performance.GitHub Repository: https://github.com/louislam/uptime-kuma/tree/master/py/uptimobot
# Install Tuna
pip install tuna

# Profile a Python script using Tuna
tuna -- python script_to_profile.pyCode language: Python (python)

Remember that the choice of profiler depends on your specific use case and what kind of information you need to gather. Some of these profilers may be better suited for certain scenarios than others. Additionally, some integrated development environments (IDEs) and code editors also provide built-in profiling tools, so it’s worth exploring those options if you’re using a particular IDE.

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  • Abdullah Walied Allama

    Abdullah Walied Allama is a driven programmer who earned his Bachelor's degree in Computer Science from Alexandria University's Faculty of Computer and Data Science. He is passionate about constructing problem-solving models and excels in various technical skills, including Python, data science, data analysis, Java, SQL, HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

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