What is the () in Python?

In Python, parentheses “()” are used for several purposes:

1. Function Calls: Parentheses are used to call or invoke a function in Python. When you want to execute a function and pass any required arguments, you use parentheses after the function name. For example:

function_name(argument1, argument2)Code language: Python (python)

Here, function_name is the name of the function, and argument1 and argument2 are the values or expressions that are passed as inputs to the function.

2. Grouping: Parentheses are used to group expressions and clarify the order of operations in mathematical or logical expressions. They help specify the precedence of operations. For example:

result = (2 + 3) * 4Code language: Python (python)

Here, the expression (2 + 3) is grouped within parentheses, and then the result is multiplied by 4.

3. Tuple Creation: Parentheses are used to create a tuple in Python. A tuple is an ordered, immutable sequence of elements. You can define a tuple by enclosing comma-separated values within parentheses. For example:

my_tuple = (1, 2, 3)Code language: Python (python)

Here, (1, 2, 3) represents a tuple with three elements.

4. Function Definitions: Parentheses are used to enclose the parameters of a function when defining it. For example:

def my_function(parameter1, parameter2):
    # Function code goes here
Code language: Python (python)

In this case, (parameter1, parameter2) specifies the parameters of the function my_function.

It’s important to note that the specific use of parentheses can vary depending on the context in Python.

What is this called ()?

The parentheses “()” are commonly referred to as “round brackets” or simply “brackets.” In programming and mathematical contexts, they are often called “parentheses.”

The term “parentheses” is derived from the Greek word “parénthesis,” which means “to place beside” or “to insert.”

The use of parentheses helps to clarify the structure and grouping of expressions, as well as indicating function calls and tuple creation in Python.

What is difference between () and {}?

In Python, both parentheses “()” and curly braces “{}” serve different purposes:

  • Parentheses “()” are primarily used for function calls, grouping expressions, and creating tuples. As explained in the previous response, parentheses are used to call functions, specify the order of operations in expressions, and define tuples.
  • Curly braces “{}” are mainly used for creating dictionaries and sets.
    • Dictionaries: In Python, dictionaries are data structures that store key-value pairs. Curly braces are used to define dictionaries by enclosing comma-separated key-value pairs within them. For example:
my_dict = {"key1": value1, "key2": value2}Code language: Python (python)
  • Here, {"key1": value1, "key2": value2} represents a dictionary with two key-value pairs.
  • Sets: Sets are unordered collections of unique elements. Curly braces can be used to define sets by enclosing comma-separated elements within them. For example:
my_set = {1, 2, 3}Code language: Python (python)
  • Here, {1, 2, 3} represents a set with three elements.

It’s important to note that parentheses and curly braces can have other uses in specific contexts as well. For example, parentheses can be used to group expressions in mathematical operations, and curly braces can be used to define code blocks in control flow statements like if-else and loops. However, their primary distinctions lie in their usage for function calls, tuples, dictionaries, and sets as mentioned above.

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  • Yaryna Ostapchuk

    I am an enthusiastic learner and aspiring Python developer with expertise in Django and Flask. I pursued my education at Ivan Franko Lviv University, specializing in the Faculty of Physics. My skills encompass Python programming, backend development, and working with databases. I am well-versed in various computer software, including Ubuntu, Linux, MaximDL, LabView, C/C++, and Python, among others.

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